International Cooperation

International Agreements

E​gypt—and the Non-proliferation Treaty

The world knew the nuclear energy in its negative form when it was used as a deadly weapon during the tragic end of the World War II.

With the realization of the danger of this weapon and its destructive impact on human and threat to the security of all mankind, the international society has worked to stop the dissemination of these weapons and to ban their production and use , then reaching after hard effort to hold the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) on July1, 1968 and entered into force in March 1970.

The Non-proliferation Treaty is one of the most important international treaties since the World War II , aimed at cessation of the nuclear arms race and the non- proliferation of nuclear weapons and instead working towards the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes for the advancement and development of the societies.

Based on the pioneering cultural role of Egypt and aware of the danger of the nuclear weapons to humanity and belief in the importance of preventing their spread , EGYPT has been one of the countries that contributed to the drafting of the treaty and one of the first countries to sign it July 1,1968 then ratified in February 1981.

The Treaty comprises substantive provisions designed in a manner that balances between the inalienable right of all parties to the treaty to use and benefit from the peaceful technology of nuclear energy and the obligations undertaken not to use it in military purposes , of the important provisions contained in the Treaty:

  • Non-nuclear- weapon States undertake not to acquire or manufacture any nuclear weapons directly or indirectly , for that purpose States party to the Treaty shall conclude an agreement under which IAEA will inspect its nuclear facilities and known as the Safeguards Agreement.
  • Parties to the treaty undertake to facilitate and encourage cooperation among them with the aim of increasing and developing the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
  • Nuclear-weapon States undertake to pursue negotiations aiming at the cessation of the nuclear arms race, and on a treaty on general and complete nuclear disarmament.
  • The Treaty guarantee that nothing in the Treaty affects the right of any group of States to conclude regional treaties in order to assure the total absence of nuclear weapons , thus enhancing peace and security at the international and regional level .
  • The Treaty stipulates that each Party to the Treaty in exercising its national sovereignty the right to withdraw from the Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events , related to the subject matter of this Treaty , have jeopardized the supreme national interests of its country.

Summary of Egypt’s International, Multilateral Treaties, Agreements

Commitments Signature Ratification
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT) 06/1968 26/02/1981
Safeguards Agreement 25/6/1981 07/10/1981
Vienna Convention on Civil Liability 05/11/1965
Joint Protocol Relating to the Application of the Vienna   Convention and Paris Convention 10/08/1989
Early Notification of Nuclear Accident 26/09/1986 06/08/1988
Assistance in the case of Nuclear Accident 26/09/1986 17/10/1988
Convention on Nuclear safety 20/09/1994

Bilateral Agreements

Bilateral agreements in the peaceful nuclear field

-Agreement on cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the French Republic on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

21 March 1981

-Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of Australia on cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and the transfer of nuclear materials between the two countries.

23 June 1981

-Memorandum of Understanding between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Kingdom of Sweden in the field of electricity generation and nuclear energy projects.

23 June 1981

– Agreement on cooperation between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the United States of America on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy

29 July 1981

-Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Federal Republic of Germany on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

26 October 1981

-Memorandum of Understanding between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

2 November 1981

-Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of Canada for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

18 May 1982

-Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Republic of Korea for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

24 August 2001

-Agreement between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the People’s Republic of China for cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

23 January 2002

-Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on cooperation in the fields of peaceful uses of atomic energy

25 March 2008

-Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy of the Republic of Korea and the Ministry of Electricity and Energy of the Arab Republic of Egypt on cooperate in nuclear power development.
9 May 2013

Other agreements with the Russian Federation:

  • Project Development Agreement  (PDA) February 2015
  • Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) November 2015
  • Financial Inter-Governmental Agreement (FIGA)  November 2015

 

Cooperation With IAEA

Technical Cooperation Projects between Nuclear Power Plants Authority (NPPA) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Project Number Project Title 1st Year of Approval
EGY2014 Building Capacity for the Nuclear Power Plant Project Construction Stage 2016
EGY2015 Developing Project Management for a Nuclear Power Programme During Construction and Commissioning Phase 2018