International Cooperation

International Agreements

E​gypt—and the Non-proliferation Treaty

The world knew the nuclear energy in its negative form when it was used as a deadly weapon during the tragic end of the World War II.

With the realization of the danger of this weapon and its destructive impact on human and threat to the security of all mankind, the international society has worked to stop the dissemination of these weapons and to ban their production and use , then reaching after hard effort to hold the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) on July1, 1968 and entered into force in March 1970.

The Non-proliferation Treaty is one of the most important international treaties since the World War II , aimed at cessation of the nuclear arms race and the non- proliferation of nuclear weapons and instead working towards the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes for the advancement and development of the societies.

Based on the pioneering cultural role of Egypt and aware of the danger of the nuclear weapons to humanity and belief in the importance of preventing their spread , EGYPT has been one of the countries that contributed to the drafting of the treaty and one of the first countries to sign it July 1,1968 then ratified in February 1981.

The Treaty comprises substantive provisions designed in a manner that balances between the inalienable right of all parties to the treaty to use and benefit from the peaceful technology of nuclear energy and the obligations undertaken not to use it in military purposes , of the important provisions contained in the Treaty:

  • Non-nuclear- weapon States undertake not to acquire or manufacture any nuclear weapons directly or indirectly , for that purpose States party to the Treaty shall conclude an agreement under which IAEA will inspect its nuclear facilities and known as the Safeguards Agreement.
  • Parties to the treaty undertake to facilitate and encourage cooperation among them with the aim of increasing and developing the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
  • Nuclear-weapon States undertake to pursue negotiations aiming at the cessation of the nuclear arms race, and on a treaty on general and complete nuclear disarmament.
  • The Treaty guarantee that nothing in the Treaty affects the right of any group of States to conclude regional treaties in order to assure the total absence of nuclear weapons , thus enhancing peace and security at the international and regional level .
  • The Treaty stipulates that each Party to the Treaty in exercising its national sovereignty the right to withdraw from the Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events , related to the subject matter of this Treaty , have jeopardized the supreme national interests of its country.

Bilateral Agreements

Cooperation With IAEA